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Study of Ancient Runes First Years Lesson 4 Date: July 22, 2005.


This is the fourth lesson of the class. REMEMBER: NO copying and NO cheating!


Fourth Lesson: Runic alphabets and their meanings
In today's lesson we will be learning the other aett's of the runes.
Just a quick overview of what we learned last week: The first section the first group of the runes is called the Freyr or Freyia's Aett. This section includes the first six original runes and two other runes that we learned. And they are as followed in order- Fehu: (F. Domestic cattle, wealth), Uruz: (U. Auroch, a wild ox), Thurisaz: (TH. Thorn or a Giant.), Ansuz: (A. The As, a ancestral god, i.e. Odin), Raidho: (R. Wagon or chariot), Kenaz: (K. Beacon or torch), Gebo: (G. Gift), and Wunjo: (W or V. Joy) Notice I have only named them but not given the full definition of them as you should it have it in your notes already. (Remember these are likely to be on the quiz coming in the next month.) If anyone hasn't noticed and I forgot to mention, the shapes of each rune symbol looks very similar (or may sound) to that of the it's alphabet. Take Fehu for example. (Look on the chart, to see the symbol) Fehu stands for the runic alphabet letter F. The symbol also looks like an F. It is also pronounced like an F sound. But some others are not. Like the Ansuz: It stands for runic alphabet letter A. Although it looks as the rune symbol is shaped like an F also. However it is pronounced like an A sound. And then there are those with double letters. Thurisaz. It stands for TH which makes the tha' or the' sound. Symbol looks like a D. And some look like just symbols itself. (You don't really have to worry about this though I just thought I would point it out b/c I just noticed it and wasn't paying attention on what I was teaching and realized I should of known from researching LOL.)

We have also learned what merkstave means and what it implies. The meaning is 'dark stick' and it is often implied a 'dark meaning'. We also know that runes look the same upside down and right side up and can't be reversed.

. Ok on to the runes (I have taken some things out of the definitions due to some explicit meanings and may not be appropriate for some of our younger guild members):
The second section of runes is called Heimdall's Aett.

Hagalaz: (H. Hail) Wrath of nature, destructive, uncontrolled forces, especially the weather, or within the unconscious. Tempering, testing, trial. Controlled crisis, leading to completion, inner harmony. Hagalaz Merkstave (Hagalaz cannot be reversed, but may lie in opposition): Natural disaster, catastrophe. Stagnation, loss of power. Pain, loss, suffering, hardship, sickness, crisis.

Nauthiz: (N. Need.) Delays, restriction. Resistance leading to strength, innovation, need-fire (self-reliance). Distress, confusion, conflict, and the power of will to overcome them. Endurance, survival, determination. A time to exercise patience. Recognition of one's fate. Major self-initiated change. Face your fears. Nauthiz Reversed or Merkstave: Constraint of freedom, distress, toil, drudgery, laxity. Necessity, extremity, want, deprivation, starvation, need, poverty, emotional hunger.

Isa: (I. Ice) A challenge or frustration. Psychological blocks to thought or activity, including grievances. Standstill, or a time to turn inward and wait for what is to come, or to seek clarity. This rune reinforces runes around it. Isa Merkstave (Isa cannot be reversed, but may lie in opposition): Ego-mania, dullness, blindness, dissipation. Treachery, illusion, deceit, betrayal, guile, stealth, ambush, plots.

Jera: (J or Y. A year, a good harvest) The results of earlier efforts are realized. A time of peace and happiness, fruitful season. It can break through stagnancy. Hopes and expectations of peace and prosperity. The promise of success earned. Life cycle, cyclical pattern of the universe. Everything changes, in its own time. Jera Merkstave (Jera cannot be reversed, but may lie in opposition): Sudden setback, reversals. A major change, repetition, bad timing, poverty, conflict.

Eihwaz: (EI. Yew Tree) Strength, reliability, dependability, trustworthiness. Enlightenment, endurance. Defense, protection. The driving force to acquire, providing motivation and a sense of purpose. Indicates that you have set your sights on a reasonable target and can achieve your goals. An honest man who can be relied upon. Eihwaz Reversed or Merkstave: Confusion, destruction, dissatisfaction, weakness.

Perthro: (P. Lot cup) Uncertain meaning, a secret matter, a mystery, hidden things and occult abilities. Initiation, knowledge of one's destiny, knowledge of future matters, determining the future or your path. Pertaining to things feminine, feminine mysteries including female fertility. Good lot, fellowship and joy. Evolutionary change. Perthro Reversed or Merkstave: Addiction, stagnation, loneliness.

Algiz: (Z or -R. Elk, protection) Protection, a shield. The protective urge to shelter oneself or others. Defense, warding off of evil, shield, guardian. Connection with the gods, awakening, higher life. It can be used to channel energies appropriately. Follow your instincts. Keep hold of success or maintain a position won or earned. Algiz Reversed: or Merkstave: Hidden danger, consumption by divine forces, loss of divine link. Taboo, warning, turning away, that which repels.

Sowilo: (S: The sun.) Success, goals achieved, honor. The life-force, health. A time when power will be available to you for positive changes in your life, victory, health, and success. Contact between the higher self and the unconscious. Wholeness, power, elemental force, sword of flame, cleansing fire. Sowilo Merkstave (Sowilo cannot be reversed, but may lie in opposition): False goals, bad counsel, false success, gullibility, loss of goals. Destruction, retribution, justice, casting down of vanity.
Here is the last section and it is called Tyr's Aett.

Tiwaz: (T: Tyr, the sky god.) Honor, justice, leadership and authority. Analysis, rationality. Knowing where one's true strengths lie. Willingness to self-sacrifice. Victory and success in any competition or in legal matters. Tiwaz Reversed or Merkstave: One's energy and creative flow are blocked. Mental paralysis, over-analysis, over-sacrifice, injustice, imbalance. Strife, war, conflict, failure in competition. Dwindling passion, difficulties in communication, and possibly separation.

Berkano: (B: Berchta, the birch-goddess.) Birth, both mental and physical and personal growth, liberation. Regenerative power and light of spring, renewal, promise of new beginnings, new growth. A love affair or new birth. The prospering of an enterprise or venture. Berkano Reversed or Merkstave: Family problems and or domestic troubles. Anxiety about someone close to you. Carelessness, abandon, loss of control. Blurring of consciousness, deceit, sterility, stagnation.

Ehwaz: (E: Horse, two horses.) Transportation. May represent a horse, car, plane, boat or other vehicle. Movement and change for the better. Gradual development and steady progress are indicated. Harmony, teamwork, trust, loyalty. An ideal marriage or partnership. Confirmation beyond doubt the meanings of the runes around it. Ehwaz Reversed or Merkstave: This is not really a negative rune. A change is perhaps craved. Feeling restless or confined in a situation. Reckless haste, disharmony, mistrust, betrayal.

Mannaz: (M: Man, mankind.) The Self; the individual or the human race. Your attitude toward others and their attitudes towards you. Friends and enemies, social order. Intelligence, forethought, create, skill, ability. Divine structure, intelligence, awareness. Expect to receive some sort of aid or cooperation now. Mannaz Reversed or Merkstave: Depression, mortality, blindness, self-delusion. Cunning, slyness, manipulation, craftiness, calculation. Expect no help now.

Laguz: (L: Water, or a leek.) Flow, water, sea, a fertility source, the healing power of renewal. Life energy and organic growth. Imagination and psychic matters. Dreams, fantasies, mysteries, the unknown, the hidden, the deep, the underworld. Success in travel or acquisition, but with the possibility of loss. Laguz Reversed or Merkstave: An indication of a period of confusion in your life. You may be making wrong decisions and poor judgements. Lack of creativity and feelings of being in a rut. Fear, circular motion, avoidance, withering. Madness, obsession, despair, perversity, sickness, suicide.

Ingwaz: (NG: Ing, the earth god.) Male fertility, gestation, internal growth. Common virtues, common sense, simple strengths, family love, caring, human warmth, the home. Rest stage, a time of relief, of no anxiety. A time when all loose strings are tied and you are free to move in a new direction. Listen to yourself. Ingwaz Merkstave (Ingwaz cannot be reversed, but may lie in opposition): Impotent, movement without change. Production, toil, labor, work.

Othala: (O: Ancestral property.) Inherited property or possessions, a house, a home. What is truly important to one. Group order, group prosperity. Land of birth, spiritual heritage, experience and fundamental values. Aid in spiritual and physical journeys. Source of safety, increase and abundance. Othala Reversed or Merkstave: Lack of customary order, totalitarianism, slavery, poverty, homelessness. Bad karma, prejudice, clannishness, provincialism. What a man is bound to.

Oh yeah did I forget to mention anything about a blank rune? There is no historical support for a "Blank Rune" in runic divination. It was invented in the 1980's. It should not be used in a rune casting. However there seems to be controversy about whether it really does exist to be used in runic divination or not.

We are done for the lesson. For the next 3 lessons we will be practicing using the runic alphabet don't be late. :)

1. Name the runes in the Heimdall's Aett and give their letters.

2. Name the runes in the Tyr's Aett and give their letters.

3. When the Algiz rune is casted, what does it show. How is it shown reversed?

4. True or False. Berkano's symbol does not mean Berchta, the birch-goddess.

5. When is it stated that the blank rune was 'invented'?

Extra Credit- You can choose any rune in the set. In your own words, write on how you would cast the rune(merkstave or nonreversed) and what does it mean.(definition) Tell me how it would help or not help in the wizard world.

Please send all assignments or for homework help to Destiny34567. Don't forget to include the assignment, your name and house.

July 22 Homework Received.





To the Guild The Castle

Disclaimer: I am no way or claim to be a rune expert or a real teacher. I have gathered information from many sites on the web. Doing this for my guild that I'm in and its just for FUN!!!! Thx. :)